BORN AGAIN UNITARIAN UNIVERSALISM
by Forrest Church
Delivered at General Assembly
in Boston, Massachusetts
June 29, 2003
Being in Boston for this years Unitarian Universalist General Assembly is a great privilege for all of us here assembled. I cant help but think that it may spark new energy for and commitment to our chosen faith. This afternoon, as my own contribution to this noble collective task, I shall dedicate my remarks to our good news. Thats what the word, gospel, means, by the way: good news. I, for one, am not ashamed of the liberal gospel. It has enriched, even transformed my life. For this, I entail an obligation, to preach and publish our good news as persuasively as I can and to invite others to join me in its celebration.
As the negative print image of every form of fundamentalism, Unitarian Universalism offers to the world an alternative religious vision. Rather than rend, we sew. Rather than spend our lives dividing sheep from goats, we celebrate unity, twice in our very name. As for liberal, it means generous, flexible and free. And yet, this saving power, the power of our good news, will make an impact only if we bring the same passion to our liberal faithto our open handed, open hearted, open minded faiththat others bring to theirs.
You may know William Butler Yeats poem, "The Second Coming." I have turned to it often over the past few disheartening months. Observing an earlier war-wracked landscape, he said, "The best lack all conviction, while the worst are filled with passionate intensity." Do you know what separates the worst from the best? The worst are sure that theyre the best, while the best have the good sense to acknowledge that they carry the worst within them. This may (and should) temper the passion of our intensity, but it must not undermine our conviction. In fact, never in history has the world so needed the witness of a faith that respects rather than disdains honest differences of belief. To take our light out from behind the bushel, howeverto make it shine more brightly in order to penetrate the gathering darknesswe must first articulate more precisely, for ourselves and then to others, what this light of ours illuminates.
Let me pose a question. If somebody asked you, "What do you believe?" would you have a ready answer? Every year at All Souls Church in New York City, the congregation I have served for the past quarter century, our ninth graders prepare three-minute credo statements and deliver them to the congregation on Coming of Age Sunday. Afterwards at coffee hour, I often hear parents and others in the congregation musing about whether they could do the same.
Well, could you?
Imagine yourself at a dinner party, the only person there who goes to church. When this telling bit of information inadvertently leaks out, you pique the curiosity of your companionsall of whom graduated from organized religion years ago. They want to know why. They want to know more. All of a sudden the dinner party is in jeopardy. Feeling more defensive than evangelical, you start pushing spin control buttons. "Well, not really church. You see, Im a Unitarian Universalist."
"Ive always wondered about Unitarian Universalism. What do you actually believe?" the woman across from you asks.
"Actually, nothing," you sputter. "Well, not really nothing, more like anything." You then rush to assure them that you dont believe that Jesus was born of a virgin or resurrected on the third day, you almost never read the Bible, and you certainly agree that religion is the most dangerous force in the world, especially today. To which your friends respond that these are the very reasons they dont attend church.
Do you know what happens when you cross a Unitarian Universalist and a Jehovahs Witness? Someone who knocks at the door for no apparent reason.
Is there no such thing as an evangelical Unitarian Universalist? In my book there is. For me, evangelical Unitarian is not an oxymoron. I loved what young Matthew Diaz said to the people of All Souls in his credo statement last year. He stood up tall and proclaimed, "I believe in magic." Indeed. The magic of life, riddled with mystery, imbued with wonder. He sounded just like our birthday boy, Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Emerson believed in miracles. Not in the stopping of the sun. Not in the parting of the Red Sea. But in the miracle of the sun shining upon this earth and the miracle of the oceans teeming with life. The miracle of a newborn child. The miracle of consciousness. The miracle of hope. Fundamentalist and orthodox believers find their miracles in Scripture. Secular materialists discount the very idea of miracle. Unitarian Universalists follow Unitarian sage Ralph Waldo Emerson and say "All life is miracle," from "the blowing clover to the falling rain."
Religious experience springs from two primary sources, awe and humility. Neither awe nor humility is served by those who refuse to go beyond the lettereither of scripture or of scienceto explore the spirit. Fundamentalists come in two basic varieties. Right-wing fundamentalists enshrine a tiny God on their altar. Fundamentalists of the left reject this tiny God, imagining that by so doing they have done something creative and important. Both groups are in thralldom to the same tiny God.
Some Unitarian Universalists employ God language; some do not. It really doesnt matter. When people tell me proudly that they dont believe in God, I ask them to tell me a little about the God they dont believe in, for I probably dont believe in him either. God is not Gods name. God is our name for that which is greater than all and yet present in each. Call it what you will: spirit, ground of being, life itself; it remains what it always Hasin Rudolph Ottos definition of the Holya mysterium tremens et fascinans, an awe-inspiring mind-bending mystery.
Unitarian Universalists do not reject religion; we extend its compass. That our orthodox neighbors should circumscribe wonder and meaning in too small a circle doesnt force us to abandon wonder and suspend our search for meaning. On the contrary. We change our angle of vision (as Emerson put it). We expand our circle of inquiry.
To those standing fiercely within a narrow circle, this may seem like heresy; to those standing without, it may seem irreligious, for they too have defined religion no less narrowly. This is why secular materialists are as likely to make fun of Unitarian Universalists as are those whose religious faith fits into a smaller spiritual compass than we find comfortable. My own father, a renegade Catholic, believed that the Catholic church was the one true church; it just happened to be false. Those of you who have come to Unitarian Universalism from a Catholic background have chosen not to let the Catholic church define religion for you. The same goes for those who were raised in other religions or without any faith at all. We are free as Unitarian Universalists to define our faith more broadly, to widen our circle of inquiry, as a religious act, not an irreligious one.
Theology is poetry not science. During our brief span, we interpret the greatest and most mysterious masterpiece of them all, the creation itself. The creation is our book of revelation, not a bound book vouchsafed to us by some ancient guru. We rely on the oracle of our own experience, drawn from our reading of the book of nature and of human nature, including our reading of the Bible and our study of philosophy. The text of meaning is vast, its nuances many and various. Honoring this reality, Unitarian Universalism enshrines freedom of thought. We also insist upon mutual respect in so far as it is earned by the reciprocal granting to us of the freedom to follow our own conscience.
Is this the foundation for principles of belief? Of course it is. True believers define religion narrowly and embrace it. Our skeptical neighbors define religion narrowly and reject it. We define religion broadly and embrace it. Unitarian Universalism is not an alternative to religion, but an alternative to being religious or irreligious in absolute ways.
If you really want to make that dinner party interesting, you might tell your table companions that Unitarian Universalism is the quintessential American faith. When Thomas Jefferson and John Adams threw off the yoke of political bondage to the crown head of England, they did so because they believed in liberty and democracy. It is hardly surprising that both men exhibited the same free spirit in their religious lives. As Unitarians, they rejected the authority of the mitered heads of Christendom, exercising freedom of religious belief even as they exercised freedom in political association. As advocated so vigorously by Jefferson in particular, the separation of church and state is a founding principle both of the United States and of Unitarianism. We can protect our own religious freedom only by protecting the religious freedom of both those who draw their own circle more tightly and those who stand outside the circle of religion altogether.
Unitarian Universalist principles reflect the encompassing faith in liberty and equality expressed in the Declaration of Independence. Not only that but, the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rightsitself the greatest modern expression of American idealism and therefore of true American patriotismsprings from the same source. The next time you read the preamble to the Declaration of Independence or the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, listen for how our principles echo them, often word for word: inherent worth and dignity; equity and compassion; mutual acceptance; freedom and responsibility; conscience; the democratic process; peace, liberty and justice for all; and, one whole of which we are each a part.
Thats not believing in nothing. And its not believing in anything. It is believing in the same spiritual values that inform the American experiment in self-governance. Dont be afraid to point this out to your fundamentalist friends and neighbors. To be anti-Unitarian is to be anti-American! Its downright unpatriotic.
The ideals we embrace are lofty ideals. We will never live up to them fully. But, if we devote our lives to them, they challenge us daily to hearken to what Abraham Lincoln called the better angels of our nature. Jefferson himself said, "It is in our lives and not our words that our religion must be read." As a slaveholder he suffers the consequences of being judged by such high ideals to this very day. But his definition of religion remains valid. Deeds not creeds: that is what we stand for as Unitarian Universalists. Our theology itselfembracing so many angles of vision, so many distinctive experiencesis founded on the nations saving principle of E pluribus unum (out of many, one).
I tell part of this story in my most recent book, The American Creed, a biography of the Declaration of Independence (St. Martins: 2002); but, it is in another book published earlier last year (Bringing God Home: a Spiritual Guide for the Journey of Your Life) that I expand an old metaphor of mine to embrace a more cosmic universalism. In what I call the Cathedral of the World there are millions of windows, each telling its own story of who we are, where we came from, where we are going, each illuminating lifes meaning. In this respect, we are many. But we are also one, for the one Light shines through every window. No individual, however spiritually gifted, can see this LightTruth or God, call it what you willdirectly. We cannot look God in the eye any more than we can stare at the sun without going blind. This should counsel humility and mutual respect for those whose reflections on ultimate meaning differ from our own.
Gaze into the light of the heavens. There are 1.7 trillion stars for every living human being. The star to person ration is 1.7 trillion to one. That is awesome and it counsels humility. It should certainly discourage the scourge of human pride. But does it? No. Instead, we sit on this tiny, munificently fixtured rock (even some of us together here in Boston!), arguing over who has the best insider information on the creator and the creation. Is it the Christian? The Buddhist? The Athiest? The Humanist? The Theist? Please! We humans trumpet our differences, some even kill one other over them, while, in every way that matters, we are far more alike than we are different. We are certainly more alike in our ignorance than we differ in our knowledge. In fact, by the time we die, we will barely have gotten our minds wet. The wisest of us all will have but the faintest notion of what life was all about. This counsels humility, but it also affirms oneness. My favorite etymology speaks eloquently to this very point. Human, humane, humanitarian, humor, humility, humus. Dust to dust, the mortar of mortality binds us fast to one another. Truly we are one.
The acknowledgement of essential unity is a central pillar, the central pillar, of Unitarian Universalism. In contrast, fundamentalists, perceiving the Light shining through their own window, conclude that theirs is the only window through which it shines. They may even incite their followers to throw stones through other peoples windows. Secular materialists make precisely the opposite mistake. Perceiving the bewildering variety of windows and worshippers, they conclude there is no Light. But the windows are not the Light; the windows are where the Light shines through.
This same metaphor offers an easy to remember description of Unitarian Universalism, perfect, in fact, for that dinner party. One Light (Unitarianism) shines through many windows (Universalism), illuminating human minds and hearts in many different ways. In our congregations we honor this truth by encouraging our members to reflect on the Light through whatever set of windows they find most illuminating. We only require that this same freedom be honored for others. If this latitude strikes your neighbors as nebulous or not serious, describe what happens in our congregations in terms they may find it more difficult to reject out of hand. Our churches, societies, and fellowships are nothing less than spiritual laboratories for the practice of E pluribus unum, out of many, one.
To appreciate how enlightened this approach to religion is, consider this. If your neighbor disagrees with your personal theology, short of changing your minda prospect that may not delight youyou have only four options. You can convert, destroy, ignore, or respect her. Fundamentalists of the Right usually attempt conversion, but sometimesas we know first hand from recent experiencethey choose to destroy in Gods name. Fundamentalists of the Left (secular materialists) tend to ignore such disagreements as irrelevant, but they too may choose destruction. One need witness only the gulags and crematoria to recognize that religious zealots alone have not cornered the market on muting the exercise of religious and political freedom by resorting to mass murder. In the United States of America and as reflected in Unitarian Universalisma quintessentially American faithfollowing the principle of e pluribus unum, we embrace the fourth option: mutual respect. There is only one caveat to abridge such respect. We do not and must not permit stone throwing in the cathedral.
Why then do we choose to join together rather than exercise our full freedom to believe what we will in the privacy of our homes on Sunday mornings? Simply because experience has taught us that we need one another. We need guidance in recognizing our tears in one anothers eyes. We need prompting to raise our moral sights. We need companions in the work of love and justice to enhance our neighborhoods and to strengthen our witness in the world. And yes, we choose to join our hands and hearts because we know how easily we slip back into mechanical habits that blunt our consciousness. We need and know we need to be reminded week in and week out how precious life is and how fragile.
So very fragile. And so phosphorescent. A year can seem to last foreverto the point that we may pray for it to endyet decades flit past in an eyeblink. Before you know it, there you are staring into the abyss.
You may know my definition of religion. Religion is our human response to the dual reality of being alive and having to die. We are not so much the animal with tools or the animal with advanced language as we are the religious animal. Knowing we must one day die, we cannot help but question what life means. Unitarian Universalism doesnt offer a single set of answers to lifes unanswerable questions. Though we dont always act the part, we are, by definition, the worlds most humble faith. But we do have a clear sense of lifes purpose, I believe. The purpose of life, and its truest test as well, is to live in such a way that our lives will prove worth dying for.
So, whenever a trap door swings or the roof caves in, dont ask "Why?" Why will get you nowhere. The only question worth asking is "Where do we go from here?" And part of the answer must be, "together." Together we kneel. Together we walk, holding each anothers hands, holding each another up. Together we do loves work and thereby we are saved.
Do you believe in magic? That kind of magic? The magic of love? I do too. For I am a born-again Unitarian Universalist, "born-again" as D. H. Lawrence put it "to humanity, to a consciousness of all the laughing, and the never-ceasing murmur of pain and sorrow."
In a world riven by both religion and irreligion, those of us who are born-again to the trembling beat at the worlds very heart can dare to be thankful. We might even express our gratitude by sharing it with our friends. Those dinner companions, for instance. Dont be ashamed of your gospel. Testify! And then, invite them to church! Really. Somethings going to kill you, but it wont be that!
"Ive alwys wondered. Just what do Unitarian Universalists believe?" the woman across from you asks.
"Many of the same things the nations founders did," you reply. "Jefferson and Adams were both Unitarians. They believed in freedom and the democratic process and so do we. Our religious principle, E pluribus unum, is just like the nations: out of many, one. We believe there is one light, one mystery, one God, call it what you will. The light shines through many different windows. (One light, Unitarian, you see; many windows, Universalist) We model in our churches the way the world should work: mutual respect; no stone throwing; democracy; religious freedomall in one community of celebrants and sufferers who us be our best and help us when were down. Deeds not Creeds is our motto; liberty and justice our social platform; and, love our highest law. Come with me some Sunday. Youd love it."
This faith we have chosen is a gift, a great gift, and the greatest gifts of all are not for hoarding. They are for sharing. So, my fellow born-again Unitarian Universalists, I say to you, lift that light up from behind its bushel. Go out joyfully and bravely into this blessed evening and beyond. Love to a faretheewell. Be hale and courageous. Dont be afraid of climbing to the very rooftops. Raise that beacon as high as you can. Go out and do your sacred duty. Sisters and brothers, amen and Hallelujah; spread the word!
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